Profiler Plugin

The Profiler plugin can be used to collect data about the Soroban transactions execution, providing valuable insights about the contract application performance and resource consumption. At each execution, the profiler plugin will automatically collect and store data in an internal dataset that can later be queried and/or exported to different formats for logging and output to a file.

Refer to the tutorial further details on how to use it.

For an example implementation of this tool, refer to Cheesecake Lab's profiling example under Tutorials > Profiling a contract

Core Features

  1. Automated Data Collection: Automatically records detailed metrics from smart contract interactions, including method names, transaction costs, and execution times.

  2. Filters: Enables selective logging through customizable filters, allowing profiling based on specific methods or resource usage parameters.

  3. Aggregation: Offers data aggregation capabilities, providing summaries of logged information using methods like sum, average, or standard deviation.

  4. Output Formatting: Facilitates conversion of logs into structured formats such as CSV or text tables, enhancing the readability and analysis of collected data.


During the preProcess step of the Soroban Transaction pipeline, the Profiler plugin will begin its processing for the current item following the steps below:

  1. Start a timer for the current item

  2. Generate an empty entry in the data log for the current item

  3. Inject data extraction plugins for this item's execution

    1. ExtractTransactionResourcesPlugin: Acts at the postProcess of the Simulate Transaction inner pipeline, extracting the data about resource consumption and updating the profiler data.

    2. ExtractFeeChargedPlugin: Acts at the postProcess of the Soroban Get Transaction inner pipeline, extracting the data about the fee charged for the transaction processing and updating the profiler data.


During the postProcess step of the Soroban Transaction pipeline, the Profiler plugin stops this item's timer and finalizes the entry in the data log as a successful execution.


Similarly to the postProcess step, during the processError step of the Soroban Transaction pipeline, the Profiler plugin also stops this item's timer but in this scenario, it finalizes the entry in the data log as a failed execution since it didn't go through the whole pipeline and wasn't fully processed.

Using the Profiler Plugin

Initializing the Profiler

To start using the Soroban Profiler, you need to create an instance of the profiler plugin from the Stellar Plus library:

import { StellarPlus } from 'stellar-plus'

const profilerPlugin = new StellarPlus.Utils.Plugins.sorobanTransaction.profiler()

Integrating Profiler with Soroban Assets

After initializing the Profiler, you can provide it as a plugin to any Class that makes use of a Soroban Transaction pipeline. Whenever a soroban transaction is processed through the pipeline, the plugin will automatically act as a middleware and collect data about this transaction execution.

Example: Soroban Token Handler

const sorobanTokenWasm = /* Your WASM Buffer */;
const profilerPlugin = new StellarPlus.Utils.Plugins.sorobanTransaction.profiler();

  const sorobanToken = new StellarPlus.Asset.SorobanTokenHandler({
    networkConfig: yourNetworkConfig,
    contractParameters: {
      wasm: sorobanTokenWasm,
    options: {
      sorobanTransactionPipeline: {
        plugins: [profilerPlugin],

In this example, the tokenProfiler is provided during the soroban token initialization as an optional plugin. Whenever this soroban token performs a soroban transaction, the plugin will take action and collect data about that execution.

Example: SAC Asset

For SAC assets (Stellar Assets on Contract), the setup is similar. Since SAC assets have both Classic and Soroban Transaction pipelines, one must only make sure to provide the profilerPlugin to the sorobanTransactionPipeline options when initializing the asset:

const profilerPlugin = new StellarPlus.Utils.Plugins.sorobanTransaction.profiler()

const sacToken = new StellarPlus.Asset.SACHandler({
  code: 'SAC',
  issuerAccount: issuer,
  options: {
    sorobanTransactionPipeline: {
      plugins: [profilerPlugin],

Data Methods

To access the data collected, one should simply invoke the profiler internal data instance and its methods.

    formatOutput: 'text-table',


  • Arguments: None.

  • Returns: Options object configured for the profiler. This can be used directly to provide the options for any ContractEngine instance.


  • Arguments:

    • options (optional): An object of type GetLogOptions, which may include:

      • clear: Boolean indicating whether to clear the log after retrieval.

      • filter: Object specifying filtering criteria.

      • aggregate: Object defining aggregation methods.

      • formatOutput: String specifying the desired output format ('csv' or 'text-table').

  • Returns: An array of LogEntry objects or a formatted string, depending on the provided options.


  • Arguments: None.

  • Returns: Void. Clears the current log entries.

Filtering Data

Filter Options

The Soroban Profiler allows for precise control over the log data through various filtering options:

  1. Method Name Filter:

    • methods: An array of method names. Log entries will be included only for these specified methods.

    • Usage: To focus on specific contract functions.

  2. Resource Usage Filters:

    • Filters based on specific resource metrics like CPU instructions, RAM, etc.

    • Each resource can be filtered based on minimum (min) and/or maximum (max) values.

    • Usage: Useful for isolating contract interactions based on resource consumption thresholds.

  3. Include Flag:

    • include: A boolean flag (true/false) within each resource filter.

    • If false, the specific resource is excluded from the log entry.

    • Purpose: Offers control over which resources to log or ignore in each entry.

  4. Combining Filters:

    • Filters can be combined to create more complex criteria. For instance, you can filter by both method names and specific resource ranges.

Applying Filters

To use filters, create a Filters object with the desired criteria and pass it to the getLog method.

Example: Filtering by Method Names

const methodFilter = { methods: ['methodName1', 'methodName2'] }
const log ={ filter: methodFilter })

Example: Resource Usage Filtering

const resourceFilter = {
  cpuInstructions: { min: 1000, max: 5000 },
  ram: { min: 200 },
const log ={ filter: resourceFilter })

Example: Resource Usage Filtering with 'include' Flag

const resourceFilter = {
  cpuInstructions: { min: 1000, max: 5000, include: true },
  ram: { min: 200, include: false },
const log ={ filter: resourceFilter })

In this example, the log includes entries with CPU instructions within the specified range and excludes RAM details.

Example: Combined Filters

const combinedFilter = {
  methods: ['methodName1'],
  ram: { max: 500 },
  transactionSize: { min: 100 },
const log ={ filter: combinedFilter })

These filters enable targeted logging of contract interactions, making the analysis of smart contract performance more focused and efficient.\

Aggregating Data

Aggregation Options

The Soroban Profiler offers aggregation functionalities to summarize and analyze log data effectively. This feature is crucial for understanding overall trends and patterns in resource usage and performance over multiple contract interactions.

  1. Resource-Based Aggregation:

    • Allows summarizing data based on specific resources like CPU instructions, RAM, ledger reads, and more.

    • Aggregation methods include sum, average, and standard deviation.

  2. Elapsed Time Aggregation:

    • Aggregates the elapsed time for contract method executions.

    • Available methods are the same: sum, average, and standard deviation.

  3. Custom Aggregation:

    • Developers can specify different aggregation methods for different resources.

Implementing Aggregation

To apply aggregation, define an AggregateType object specifying the method for each resource or for all resources, and pass it to the getLog method.

Aggregating Specific Resources

const aggregationOptions = {
  cpuInstructions: { method: 'sum' },
  ram: { method: 'average' },
const aggregatedLog ={ aggregate: aggregationOptions })

In this example, the profiler will sum the CPU instructions and calculate the average RAM usage across all log entries.

Aggregating Elapsed Time

const timeAggregation = {
  elapsedTime: { method: 'average' },
const timeAggregatedLog ={ aggregate: timeAggregation })

This aggregates the average execution time for the logged contract methods.

Combined Resource and Time Aggregation

const combinedAggregation = {
  cpuInstructions: { method: 'sum' },
  elapsedTime: { method: 'standardDeviation' },
const combinedAggregatedLog ={ aggregate: combinedAggregation })

Here, CPU instructions are summed up, and the standard deviation of execution times is calculated, offering a comprehensive view of resource utilization and performance variability.

Comprehensive Aggregation

const allAggregation = {
  all: { method: 'sum' },
const allAggregatedLog ={ aggregate: allAggregation })

This aggregates all resources using the sum method, providing a total view of resource usage.

Aggregation in the Soroban Profiler simplifies the analysis of extensive log data, providing key insights into the efficiency and performance of smart contract interactions.

Output Formatting

The Soroban Profiler offers versatile output formatting options, enabling users to transform the aggregated or filtered log data into structured and easily interpretable formats. This feature is particularly useful for reporting and in-depth analysis.

Formatting Options

  1. CSV Format:

    • Converts log data into a comma-separated values (CSV) format.

    • Ideal for exporting data to spreadsheets or data analysis tools.

  2. Text Table Format:

    • Formats log data into a readable text-based table.

    • Useful for quick reviews or presenting data in a more human-readable format.

Applying Formatting

To format the output, specify the desired format in the getLog method using the formatOutput option.

Formatting as CSV

const csvFormattedLog ={ formatOutput: 'csv' })

This command converts the profiler log into a CSV format, making it suitable for further analysis in spreadsheet applications or data processing tools.

Formatting as Text Table

const tableFormattedLog ={ formatOutput: 'text-table' })

This converts the log data into a text table, providing a clear and organized view of the data, which is particularly helpful for immediate analysis or presentation purposes.

Example: Combined Use with Filters and Aggregation

const combinedOptions = {
  filter: { methods: ['methodName1'], cpuInstructions: { min: 1000 } },
  aggregate: { ram: { method: 'average' } },
  formatOutput: 'csv',
const combinedFormattedLog =

In this comprehensive example, the log is first filtered by method name and CPU instruction count, then aggregated for average RAM usage, and finally formatted as CSV. This approach demonstrates how the Profiler's features can be combined to extract tailored insights from smart contract interactions, facilitating detailed performance analysis and reporting.

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